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Memorial University - Electronic Theses and Dissertations 4
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Document Description
TitleCapacitive array sensor for two-phase liquid characterization
AuthorPashapour, Eilnaz, 1979-
DescriptionThesis (M.Eng.)--Memorial University of Newfoundland, 2009. Engineering and Applied Science
Pagination116 leaves : ill.
SubjectCapacitance meters; Detectors; Two-phase flow--Measurement;
Degree GrantorMemorial University of Newfoundland. Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science
DisciplineEngineering and Applied Science
NotesIncludes bibliographical references (leaves 112-116)
AbstractTwo phase or multiphase flows are presented in many process industries such as in our target application, the oil and gas industry. In this thesis, a novel design of a two-phase characterization sensor that measures multiphase flow component fractions is described. Many current sensors are dependent on the flow regime of the multiphase stream; however the proposed method mitigates such dependency by using a phase stratifier. Initially an electromagnetic stratifying was researched however due to unavailability of a strong electromagnetic field needed for a practical system, we used a hydrocyclone stratifier concept afterwards. This device stratifies the flow by different densities of individual phases and is positioned before the entrance of the multiphase flowmeter. The novel sensor consists of an array of condenser type transducers in a special configuration that uniquely identifies the component fractions under pressure of many disturbances. -- A numerical method was conducted using a Finite Element Method (FEM) to simulate the output of the sensor in various flow compositions. Signal processing by Artificial Neural Network (ANN) was adapted and extensively optimized for calculation of the sensor's output. -- The proven model and the signal processing method establish a basis for experimental verification that is currently underway. -- The work completed to date acts as a starting point from which improvements and extensions can be easily made and incorporated. In this regard, suggestions for future work are presented.
Resource TypeElectronic thesis or dissertation
FormatImage/jpeg; Application/pdf
SourcePaper copy kept in the Centre for Newfoundland Studies, Memorial University Libraries
Local Identifiera3242072
RightsThe author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.
CollectionElectronic Theses and Dissertations
Scanning StatusCompleted
PDF File(10.64 MB) --
CONTENTdm file name43306.cpd