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Document Description
TitleEffects of target age and participant age on attitude inferences and their accuracy
AuthorManuel, Rhoda, 1971-
DescriptionThesis (M. Sc.), Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1999. Psychology
Pagination63 leaves
SubjectAttitude (Psychology); Social perception; Ageism
DegreeM. Sc.
Degree GrantorMemorial University of Newfoundland. Dept. of Psychology
NotesBibliography: p. 40-43
AbstractThe present research investigated the effects of target and participant age on the inferences made about people's attitudes and the accuracy of these inferences. Two studies were conducted. One study asked people spanning the adult age range to indicate their level of agreement or disagreement with various statements. This measurement provided the comparison for assessing the accuracy of attitude estimations. The other study asked people spanning the adult age range to estimate the attitudes of either a man or a woman in their twenties or early thirties, in their late thirties or forties, or in their fifties or sixties. Participants in both studies were obtained from random samples of the general population. As expected, people's actual attitudes differed according to age. Specifically, the older the person, the less liberal their attitudes. In terms of attitude estimations, participants varied in their expectations of the liberalness of the attitudes of adults of different ages. Younger adults estimated that each successively older age group would be less liberal. Middle-aged adults estimated that middle-aged and older adults would hold similar attitudes, ones that were less liberal than younger adults. Older adults estimated that middle-aged adults would hold the least liberal attitudes and that the oldest adults would hold attitudes that were as liberal as the youngest adults. This pattern of inferences provides some support for age in-group/out-group categorization. There was no consistent evidence that people would be more accurate in estimating the attitudes of people their own age in comparison with people from other age groups, as had been predicted. Two findings that did suggest an out-group inaccuracy bias, however, were the under-estimations made by older adults of the liberalness of the attitudes of middle-aged adults and the over-estimations made by middle-aged adults of the liberalness of the attitudes of younger adults. People also tended to over- and under-estimate the extent to which women would hold liberal attitudes in comparison with their estimates of men's attitudes. Women were also more accurate overall than men in estimating the attitudes of people in their late thirties or forties.
FormatImage/jpeg; Application/pdf
SourcePaper copy kept in the Centre for Newfoundland Studies, Memorial University Libraries
Local Identifiera1357340
RightsThe author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.
CollectionElectronic Theses and Dissertations
Scanning StatusCompleted
PDF File(7.35 MB) --
CONTENTdm file name123526.cpd