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Memorial University - Electronic Theses and Dissertations 3
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Document Description
TitleAboriginal participation in commercial fisheries of the Canadian North : the Inuit experience
AuthorGibbons, Roy, 1959-
DescriptionThesis (M.M.S.)--Memorial University of Newfoundland, 2002. Marine Studies
Paginationv, 90 leaves
SubjectInuit--Fishing--Arctic regions; Fishery management--Arctic regions; Greenland halibut; Pandalus borealis
Degree GrantorMarine Institute (St. John's, N.L.).Marine Studies Programme
DisciplineMarine Studies
Spatial CoverageArctic regions
NotesBibliography: leaves 83-90
AbstractFor over four millennium the Inuit people have occupied the Arctic utilizing marine resources of the Arctic region for subsistence purposes. In recent decades a number of significant events including the recognition of aboriginal fisheries rights, the negotiation of land claims agreements and the devolution of management authority have triggered radical changes in fisheries management in the northern region. This paper examines the many marine species in the Northern region and identifies, Greenland halibut (Reinharditus Hippoglossoides) and Northern shrimp (Pandalus borealis) as having the greatest economic potential for commercial exploitation. A detailed life history and stock status of these two stocks confirms the long term sustainability of the stock for commercial exploitation. Current management strategies are examined and found to be deficient. Commercial exploitation of the resource is challenged by limited quotas assigned by the Department of Fisheries and Oceans, lack of access, nonexistent infrastructure, and lack of trained human resources. A compelling case for increased local access is made based on the United Nations international principles of fisheries allocation namely, historical attachment, socio-economic dependence and adjacency. This work recommends a management development strategy based on attaining direct access through increased licenses, partnership arrangements with southern fishing interests to gain expertise and equity, and a co-management of the marine resources in the Arctic region incorporating traditional ecological knowledge with western science.
Resource TypeElectronic thesis or dissertation
FormatImage/jpeg; Application/pdf
SourcePaper copy kept in the Centre for Newfoundland Studies, Memorial University Libraries
Local Identifiera1591121
RightsThe author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.
CollectionElectronic Theses and Dissertations
Scanning StatusCompleted
PDF File(11.45 MB) --
CONTENTdm file name153942.cpd