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Memorial University - Electronic Theses and Dissertations 2
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Document Description
TitleThe effects of short-term memory training on children who exhibit mathematics learning disabilities and short-term memory retention problems
AuthorMichael, Stephanie J.
DescriptionThesis (M.Sc.)--Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1986. Psychology
Date1986
Paginationv, 71 leaves : ill.
SubjectMathematics--Study and teaching; Arithmetic--Study and teaching; Short-term memory
DegreeM.Sc.
Degree GrantorMemorial University of Newfoundland. Dept. of Psychology
DisciplinePsychology
LanguageEng
NotesBibliography: leaves 44-46.
AbstractChildren who perform poorly on mathematical tasks also tend to do poorly on both auditory and visual short-term memory tasks. The purpose of this study was to compare the relative effectiveness of an intervention package consisting of short-term memory strategy instruction and standard math practice with an intervention package consisting of standard math practice alone. Children who received the combined math and memory instruction were predicted to perform better on subsequent math tasks than those who received only math instruction. Fourteen children (mean age == 10.93 years) of average intelligence, who performed below average on several math and memory tests were randomly assigned to one of two conditions. A control group received math instruction consisting of practical application of the four basic math operations. The experimental group received short-term memory instruction and training in addition to the math practice. Treatment for both groups consisted of six one-hour sessions, spread over the course of two weeks. All children were assessed pre- and post-treatment. Assessment involved both visual and auditory math and memory testing. The experimental group improved significantly from pre- to post-assessment on both math and memory tasks. The math only group did not. For children performing poorly on math and memory tasks, these results strongly demonstrate the effectiveness of a combined math and memory training program.
TypeText
Resource TypeElectronic thesis or dissertation
FormatImage/jpeg; Application/pdf
SourcePaper copy kept in the Centre for Newfoundland Studies, Memorial University Libraries
Local Identifier75370952
RightsThe author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.
CollectionElectronic Theses and Dissertations
Scanning StatusCompleted
PDF File(9.01 MB) -- http://collections.mun.ca/PDFs/theses/Michael_StephanieJane.pdf
CONTENTdm file name75157.cpd