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Memorial University - Electronic Theses and Dissertations 2
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Document Description
TitleMarriage patterns in an Archaic population : a study of skeletal remains from Port au Choix, Newfoundland
AuthorKennedy, Brenda Valerie Elkins, 1955-
DescriptionThesis (M.A.)--Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1980. Anthropology
Paginationx, 188 leaves : ill., maps.
SubjectForensic osteology; Excavations (Archaeology)--Newfoundland and Labrador--Port au Choix; Indians of North America--Newfoundland and Labrador--Marriage customs and rites
Degree GrantorMemorial University of Newfoundland. Dept. of Anthropology
Spatial CoverageCanada--Newfoundland and Labrador--Port au Choix
NotesBibliography: leaves 141-162.
AbstractIn recent years there have been a variety of attempts to reconstruct prehistoric patterns of endogamy, exogamy, and post-nuptial residence using data collected from archaeological sites. This thesis is concerned with the use of data collected from skeletal remains in studies of this nature. More specifically, it is concerned with the use of osteological data in reconstructing the marriage patterns of a group of Archaic Indians buried at Port au Choix, Newfoundland. -- This study is based on the premise that marriage patterns determine the composition of the adult segment of hunter-gatherer groups, and that the composition of the adult segment is reflected in the expression of osteological traits within and between the sexes. A model is proposed which links the various combinations of endogamy and exogamy (three forms) and the three principle types of residence units with specific patterns of within- and between-sex variability of trait expression. -- A group of eighteen adult females and twenty-two adult males from Locus II of the Port au Choix-3 site is used as the sample for this study. A series of metric and non-metric traits describing the cranial and infracranial skeleton, and a number of univariate and multivariate statistical techniques are employed in the analysis. The results of the analysis seem to indicate the practice of exogamy coupled with a virilocal post-nuptial residence pattern. -- The use of osteological data in reconstructions of prehistoric marriage patterns would seem to be a valid endeavor if a well-defined sample is available, and if careful consideration is given to the selection of traits and statistical techniques employed in the analysis.
Resource TypeElectronic thesis or dissertation
FormatImage/jpeg; Application/pdf
SourcePaper copy kept in the Centre for Newfoundland Studies, Memorial University Libraries
Local Identifier75058101
RightsThe author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.
CollectionElectronic Theses and Dissertations
Scanning StatusCompleted
PDF File(36.86 MB) --
CONTENTdm file name45326.cpd