Title  A numerical study of conjugate flows and flatcentred internal solitary waves in a continuously stratified fluid 
Author  Wan, Bangjun, 1963 
Description  Thesis (M.Sc.)Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1997. Physics and Physical Oceanography 
Date  1997 
Pagination  xiii, 112 leaves : ill. 
Subject  Internal waves; Stratified flowMathematical methods; Wavemotion, Theory of 
Degree  M.Sc. 
Degree Grantor  Memorial University of Newfoundland. Dept. of Physics and Physical Oceanography

Discipline  Physics and Physical Oceanography

Language  Eng 
Notes  Bibliography: leaves 106112. 
Abstract  In this thesis a theoretical model describing the limiting flow structure in the centre of a fully nonlinear, flatcentred internal solitary wave in a fluid of finite depth H has been developed using the conjugate flow concept. The conjugate flow solution gives the vertical structure of the isopycnal displacement and the fluid velocity at the centre of a flatcentred internal solitary wave as well as the propagation speed of the wave. The mode1 internal solitary waves are calculated in a continuously stratified fluid given by hyperbolic tangent density profiles with one or two pycnoclines. Solutions obtained with and without the Boussinesq approximation are compared. The nonBoussinesq results are almost identical with the Boussinesq results if the surface to bottom density difference is 4% or less unless the pycnoclines have a thickness comparable to the total fluid depth.  For density stratifications with a single pycnocline, conjugate flow solutions are obtained when the pycnocline is not too close to the boundary. The size of the valid solution range decreases as the thickness of pycnocline increases. When the Boussinesq approximation is applied, the magnitude of the extreme isopycnal displacement grows as the centre of the pycnocline in the undisturbed region moves away from the middepth: the wave propagation speed increases as the centre of pycnocline moves toward the middepth. If the thickness of the pycnocline is greater than 8.4% of the fluid depth, the parallel shear flow in the centre of a flatcentred internal solitary wave is linearly stable. As the pycnocline gets narrower the flow becomes potentially unstable over an increasing range of pycnocline heights.  For stratifications with two pycnoclines multiple conjugate flow solutions may exist. When the two pycnoclines are equidistant from the middepth, one above and one below, there are two solutions if the pycnoclines are well separated and not too close to the boundaries. If the pycnoclines are close together there are no solutions if the Boussinesq approximation is made and one solution if the approximation is not made. If the two pycnoclines are not equidistant from the middepth there can be 0. 1. 2. or 3 solutions. Flatcentred wave can exist only if there is a conjugate flow solution, but the converse is not true. Having a conjugate flow solution does not necessarily mean that there is a flatcentred internal solitary wave. 
Type  Text 
Resource Type  Electronic thesis or dissertation 
Format  Image/jpeg; Application/pdf 
Source  Paper copy kept in the Centre for Newfoundland Studies, Memorial University Libraries 
Rights  The author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission. 
Collection  Electronic Theses and Dissertations 
Scanning Status  Completed 
PDF File  (11.23 MB)  http://collections.mun.ca/PDFs/theses/Wan_Bangjun.pdf 
CONTENTdm file name  263250.cpd 