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Memorial University - Electronic Theses and Dissertations 1
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Document Description
TitleThe Archaic / Ceramic Period transition in New Brunswick and Maine: an analysis of stemmed biface morphology
AuthorRutherford, Douglas E.
DescriptionThesis (M.A.)--Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1989. Anthropology
Paginationxi, 163 leaves : ill.
SubjectArchaeology--New Brunswick; Archaeology--Maine; New Brunswick--Antiquities; Maine--Antiquities
Degree GrantorMemorial University of Newfoundland. Dept. of Anthropology
Spatial CoverageCanada--New Brunswick
United States--Maine
NotesBibliography: leaves 92-105.
AbstractA study of lithic assemblages from nine Archaic and Ceramic Period sites was conducted in order to determine possible material culture continuity between these time periods in the Maine-Maritimes region. A further aim was to examine and define the Terminal Archaic Period in the region, with the goal of identifying the attributes of that period and clarifying the regional chronology. -- The study resulted in the recognition of traits from the Moorehead Phase Late Archaic and Susquehanna Tradition continuing into the Early Ceramic Period. Early Ceramic Period narrow stemmed projectile points are strongly similar to Moorehead Phase points. Susquehanna Tradition related points are known from northeastern New Brunswick and the St. Croix drainage, and chipped and ground adzes from the Early Ceramic Period are related to those of the Susquehanna Tradition. -- This allows for commentary regarding the transitional period between the Archaic and Ceramic Periods, Hypotheses are proposed regarding the postulated decline of the Moorehead Phase, the potential for relationships between Moorehead Phase peoples and those of the Susquehanna Tradition, and possible explanations for the small number of sites which may be attributable to this time period in the Maine-Maritimes region.
Resource TypeElectronic thesis or dissertation
FormatImage/jpeg; Application/pdf
SourcePaper copy kept in the Centre for Newfoundland Studies, Memorial University Libraries
Local Identifier76039410
RightsThe author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.
CollectionElectronic Theses and Dissertations
Scanning StatusCompleted
PDF File(15.10 MB) --
CONTENTdm file name51067.cpd