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TitleRegional flood frequency analysis for the island of Newfoundland, Canada using L-Moments
AuthorPokhrel, Jhapendra, 1969-
DescriptionThesis (M.Eng.)--Memorial University of Newfoundland, 2002. Engineering and Applied Science
Date2002
Paginationxv, 131, xx leaves : ill. (some col.), maps
SubjectFlood forecasting--Newfoundland and Labrador--Mathematical models
DegreeM.Eng.
Degree GrantorMemorial University of Newfoundland. Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science
DisciplineEngineering and Applied Science
LanguageEng
Spatial CoverageCanada--Newfoundland and Labrador
NotesBibliography: leaves 126-131.
AbstractThe regional flood frequency analysis (RFFA) for the Island of Newfoundland carried out by the provincial government of Newfoundland and Labrador in 1989 was revisited using the index-flood method based on L-moments. L-moment-based homogeneity tests showed that two of the 1989 regions were possibly redundant. The Water Survey of Canada (WSC) sub regions Y and Z were found to be statistically as well as operationally homogeneous. The conventional goodness-of-fit tests, including the L-moment-based tests were not particularly powerful in discriminating between the fits of generalized extreme value (GEV) and the three-parameter log-normal (LN3) distributions to the regional data from the 1989 regions as well as from the WSC sub regions. However, the robustness evaluation based on Monte Carlo simulation revealed that LN3 was comparatively more robust than the competing GEV distribution. A comparison between the return period flows estimated based on the 1989 regions and those based on the WSC sub regions showed that the estimates based on the WSC sub regions had, in general, equal or better accuracy than the estimates obtained with the 1989 regions. Likewise, the estimates based on the index-flood method using L-moments were found to be more accurate than those based on regression-on-quantile approach of the 1989 study. A similar comparison with the quantile estimates obtained from the more recent RFFA study for the Island of Newfoundland carried out by the provincial government also showed that the index-flood based on L-moment approach produced more accurate estimates than its regression-on-quantile counterpart. The L-moments based LN3 growth factors for the WSC sub regions and nonlinear regional models for index-flood estimation are recommended for carrying out the RFFA on the Island of Newfoundland.
TypeText
Resource TypeElectronic thesis or dissertation
FormatImage/jpeg; Application/pdf
SourcePaper copy kept in the Centre for Newfoundland Studies, Memorial University Libraries
Local Identifiera1561149
RightsThe author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.
CollectionElectronic Theses and Dissertations
Scanning StatusCompleted
PDF File(18.59 MB) -- http://collections.mun.ca/PDFs/theses/JhapendraPokhrel.pdf
CONTENTdm file name47883.cpd