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Memorial University - Electronic Theses and Dissertations 1
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TitleMorelly et la legende des Incas au dix-huitieme siecle
AuthorButton, Jennifer Ann.
DescriptionThesis (M.A.) -- Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1976. French and Spanish
Paginationv, 198 leaves.
SubjectMorelly, M--Philosophy; Incas--Legends; Communism--France--History;
Degree GrantorMemorial University of Newfoundland. Dept. of French and Spanish
DisciplineFrench and Spanish
Spatial CoverageFrance
NotesAbstract in English and French; Bibliography : leaves 194-198.
AbstractThis study shows that Morelly, one of the most important pre-Marxist communist philosophers, was strongly influenced by the legend of the Inca empire in the development of his political theories. The legend, which grew out of numerous histories written about Peru and especially the highly romanticized and idealized report of Garcilaso de la Vega, described an evolved political state in which crime was practically nonexistent and poverty unheard of. French readers of the eighteenth century were highly amenable to the idea that an empire of happiness and equality had existed in the no-too-distant past, as witnessed by the quantity of Peruvian histories published in France, and by the numbers of French authors who were inspired by all aspects of the civilization of the Incas. -- Morelly's three politically-oriented works are subjected to a detailed comparison with the more valid of the two contemporary French translations of Garcilaso de la Vega's Comentarios reales. The conclusion reached is that the Inca empire, as described by Garcilaso, was directly related to the development of Morelly's plans for a communist state, even though this writer's more evolved theories surpass some of the Inca political philosophy. One of the most important legacies of the legend of the Incas lies in this influence which it exerted on Morelly and on the budding communism of the eighteenth century, which finally found an active partisan in the person of Babeuf, at the time of the Revolution of 1789.
Resource TypeElectronic thesis or dissertation
FormatImage/jpeg; Application/pdf
SourcePaper copy kept in the Centre for Newfoundland Studies, Memorial University Libraries
Local Identifier76005640
RightsThe author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission.
CollectionElectronic Theses and Dissertations
Scanning StatusCompleted
PDF File(44.53 MB) --
CONTENTdm file name298747.cpd