Title  An investigation of the effect of presentation of pictorial accompaniments with mathematical word problems upon the ability of grade ten students to arrive at a correct solution to the problem 
Author  Spurrell, Margaret Nancy. 
Description  Thesis (M.Ed.)  Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1978. Education 
Date  1975 
Pagination  vii, 168 leaves : ill. 
Subject  MathematicsStudy and teaching (Secondary); MathematicsStudy and teachingAudiovisual aids; 
Degree  M.Ed. 
Degree Grantor  Memorial University of Newfoundland. Faculty of Education

Discipline  Education

Language  Eng 
Notes  Bibliography : leaves 8790. 
Abstract  Purpose. The purpose of the present study was to compare the results of mathematics word problems solved by tenthgrade students when these problems were presented in three different forms: in word form only or as TypeA questions, in word form accompanied by an accurate pictorial representation of the problem or as TypeB questions, and in word form accompanied by an inaccurate pictorial representation of the problem or as TypeC questions.  Sample. The sample consisted of 90 "good", 98 "average" and 92 "poor" tenthgrade students. These 280 students were selected from ten schools chosen at random from the geographic region east of Grand Falls, Newfoundland (inclusive) and south of Carmanville, Newfoundland (inclusive). Each of these 280 was selected on the basis of agreement by at least two of his mathematics teachers that the student satisfied the study definition of a "good", "average", or "poor" problem solver.  Hypotheses tested. The nine hypotheses tested in this study can be grouped into three. They are:  1. "Good", "average" and "poor" problem solvers score significantly higher on problems given as TypeB questions than they do on these same problems given as TypeA questions.  2. "Good", "average" and "poor" problem solvers score significantly higher on problems given as TypeB questions than they do on these same problems given as TypeC questions.  3. "Good", "average" and "poor" problem solvers score significantly higher on problems given as TypeA questions than they do on these same problems given as TypeC questions.  Method and procedures. Three alternate tests, Tests I, II and III were developed for the study. Each test contained the same 21 items. Seven of these 21 test items were TypeA questions, seven were TypeB questions and seven were TypeC questions. The seven TypeA questions on Test I appeared as TypeB questions on Test II and as TypeC questions on Test III. All tests were administered by the investigator. Each participating student was given one 2hour afternoon session within which to complete the test he received.  The hypotheses of the study were tested by using three oneway analyses of variance followed in each case by a Scheffe test of multiple comparisons. The scores from the TypeA, TypeB and TypeC questions were used to test the hypotheses. The.05 level of confidence was set for all hypothesis testing.  The reliability of the testing instrument was found by using the scores from the study. The splithalf procedure was followed and the adjusted PearsonProduct Moment Correlation Coefficients were found to be.83 for Test I, .77 for Test II and.83 for Test III.  Results and conclusions. The analysis of the data resulted in the acceptance of hypotheses I and II and the rejection of hypothesis III.  These results seem to indicate that tenthgrade students do find the accompaniment of accurate pictorial representations with mathematics word problems helpful in solving these problems. The results failed to support the opinion that the accompaniment of inaccurate pictorial representations with mathematics word problems will misdirect the student and result in significantly lower scores than if no pictorial accompaniment were present. 
Type  Text 
Resource Type  Electronic thesis or dissertation 
Format  Image/jpeg; Application/pdf 
Source  Paper copy kept in the Centre for Newfoundland Studies, Memorial University Libraries 
Local Identifier  76006286 
Rights  The author retains copyright ownership and moral rights in this thesis. Neither the thesis nor substantial extracts from it may be printed or otherwise reproduced without the author's permission. 
Collection  Electronic Theses and Dissertations 
Scanning Status  Completed 
PDF File  (24.89 MB)  http://collections.mun.ca/PDFs/theses/Spurrell_MargaretNancy.pdf 
CONTENTdm file name  292875.cpd 